Journeys of Reconciliation

Educational resources relating to Truth and Reconciliation, the residential school system, and the Treaty Relationship between Canada and First Peoples.

Posted May 31, 2021

Listening to Survivors

By listening, learning and reflecting, Canadians of all ages can work toward becoming partners on the path to reconciliation. The theme for this year’s Truth and Reconciliation Week magazine is Listening to Survivors. It contains an original poem by Makayla Webkamigad, the award-winning Richard Van Camp describing his efforts at later-life language learning, stories of real-life reconciliation projects, words from Elders and Survivors, and more.

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Remembering the Children

Canadians are still grappling with the truths about residential schools, spurring long-overdue conversations inside and outside the classroom. Remembering the Children offers a way to begin those conversations. Published by the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, in collaboration with Canada’s History, this magazine is an accompaniment for this year’s Truth and Reconciliation Week. 

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Truth and Reconciliation Week 2021

Through an allegorical graphic novel-style comic, written by Ry Moran, and illustrated by Swampy Cree artist Nickia McIvor, this publication explores what it means to have guests arrive at your doorstep, a home taken away, and how we can still find ways to live well together.

To guide teachers in their own learning and to help bring truth and reconciliation into their classrooms, this publication will be accompanied by supplementary educational resources available in English and French. The magazine, aimed for students in grades 5–12, is offered in digital formats in English, French, and Inuktitut.

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Every Child Matters

Produced in collaboration with the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, and written by award-winning Indigenous author Monique Gray Smith, this magazine, which is based on the Seven Sacred Teachings, is aimed for students in grades 5–12 and is available in both English and French.

Each chapter teaches children about residential schools, Treaties, and the historic and current relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples.

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Related publications

We are all Treaty People

Guest editor Cynthia Bird of Peguis First Nation explores Treaties and the historic Treaty relationship between First Nations peoples and the British Crown, now represented by the government of Canada.

Treaties and the Treaty Relationship

Everyone benefits when there is a greater understanding and appreciation of Treaties and the Treaty relationship. This special issue is part of a greater conversation to ensure that our collective history is truly inclusive.

More on residential schools

A National Crime

One hundred years ago, Dr. Peter Henderson Bryce exposed the horrifying death toll among children in residential schools.

Lost Generations

An Inuk artist reflects on the legacy of the residential schools in the Far North.

100 Years of Loss: The Residential School System in Canada

Oral histories from the survivors of the residential school system seeks to fill the gap in Canadian educational curricula.

Tours of the Shingwauk and Wawanosh Residential Schools Site

Very few residential school buildings still stand today, making walking tours of the Shingwauk site increasingly important as an experiential learning tool.

Birtle Residential School

One of the last three remaining residential schools in Manitoba. Operating from 1889 to 1972, this brick building was completed in 1931.

Muscowequan Residential School

Of the almost two dozen residential schools that operated in Saskatchewan, Muscowequan — operating from 1889-1997 — is one of the last remaining.

Called to Act: Truth, Reconciliation, and Collaboration

Putting the 'I' in History

Connie Wyatt Anderson is a long-time educator from The Pas, Manitoba. She has been involved in the creation of student learning materials and curricula and has contributed to a number of textbooks, teacher support guides, and school publications.

The Waterdown Platinum Jubilee Treaty Forest

Nathan Tidridge, in partnership with the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, established the Souharissen Natural Area in Waterdown, Ontario. This 55-acre educational and cultural space continues to evolve as an outdoor classroom and inspiration for numerous curriculum-based projects.

Connecting Community, Culture and Curriculum

Genevieve Soler and Kayla Weller worked with Stoney Nakoda Elders Virgle Stephens, Tracey Stevens, and Phillomene Stevens to help their grade 4 students explore and deepen their understanding of their culture, traditions, and personal histories.

Enriching Cultural Understanding in the Classroom

Maxine Hildebrandt is a member of Pelican Lake First Nation and a teacher at Mother Earth’s Children’s Charter School (MECCS), Canada’s only Indigenous charter school, in Warburg, Alberta. Maxine organized a cultural exchange with another rural school in Alberta to introduce students to each other’s history, culture, and perspectives.

The Road to Reconciliaton: Bringing the 94 Calls to the Middle Years Classroom

Elementary teacher Jacqueline Cleave led a project to make the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s ninety-four calls to action more accessible to younger learners.

More on treaties and the treaty relationship

Canada in Focus: A Promise to Share

Were Canada’s Treaties based on a major misunderstanding between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples?

Agowigiiwinan Bezhig Minawaa Niizhin

Commemorating the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of Treaties One and Two gives us all an opportunity to honour our ancestors’ sacred promises to live in peace and share the bounty of the land.

Treaties and the Treaty Relationship Webinar Series

This webinar series shares information and promotes conversation about the historical and contemporary issues that relate to treaties. These presentations explore both the Canadian and First Nations perspectives of treaties.

Related books

The Inconvenient Indian

Book Review: Thomas King is far more than a good writer, storyteller, and academic. He has a dazzling intelligence that quickly sees through so many of the “accepted” truths people are repeatedly fed by the media, and he skewers these with delightful humour and self-deprecation.

Respecting Sacred Relationships

Open Book: In Brittany Luby's multiple-award-winning book Dammed: The Politics of Loss and Survival in Anishinaabe Territory, she writes that the Anishinabeg have “since time immemorial” lived and fished along the waterways of the Winnipeg River drainage basin that includes the lake and that extends into parts of Manitoba and Minnesota.

Serpent River Resurgence

Book Review: In her book Serpent River Resurgence, Lianne Leddy documents the story of the community of Serpent River and its long history with colonialism and resource development.

Residential Schools and Reconciliation

Book Review: This recent book by historian J.R. Miller demonstrates that Harper’s apology was just one moment in Canada’s journey of reconciliation regarding the residential school system.

From Treaty Peoples to Treaty Nation

Book Review: Authors Poelzer and Coates opt for breadth respecting events of the past several decades. As well as providing a useful primer, a principal reason for their broad approach is to enable those of us interested in one or the other aspect of their “road map” to acquire just enough information to be able to search other sources.

From Treaties to Reserves

Book Review: In From Treaties to Reserves, D.J. Hall focuses on Alberta and details the critical period during which the newly formed Canadian state transformed Indigenous peoples from their own selves into menials confined to reserves for the convenience of white newcomers who were determined to have their land.

21 Things You May Not Know about the Indian Act

Book Review: 21 Things You May Not Know About the Indian Act is a heartfelt guide for reconciliation.

Talking Back to the Indian Act

Book Review: Talking Back to the Indian Act speaks to all Canadians and begins by imbuing the reader with a sense of action.

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