Journeys of Reconciliation

Educational resources relating to Truth and Reconciliation, the residential school system, and the Treaty Relationship between Canada and First Nations peoples.

Posted May 31, 2021

Every Child Matters

Produced in collaboration with the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, and written by award-winning Indigenous author Monique Gray Smith, this magazine, which is based on the Seven Sacred Teachings, is aimed for students in grades 5–12 and is available in both English and French.

Each chapter teaches children about residential schools, Treaties, and the historic and current relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples.

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Related publications

We are all Treaty People

Guest editor Cynthia Bird of Peguis First Nation explores Treaties and the historic Treaty relationship between First Nations peoples and the British Crown, now represented by the government of Canada.

Treaties and the Treaty Relationship

Everyone benefits when there is a greater understanding and appreciation of Treaties and the Treaty relationship. This special issue is part of a greater conversation to ensure that our collective history is truly inclusive.

More on residential schools

100 Years of Loss: The Residential School System in Canada

Oral histories from the survivors of the residential school system seeks to fill the gap in Canadian educational curricula.

Tours of the Shingwauk and Wawanosh Residential Schools Site

Very few residential school buildings still stand today, making walking tours of the Shingwauk site increasingly important as an experiential learning tool.

Birtle Residential School

One of the last three remaining residential schools in Manitoba. Operating from 1889 to 1972, this brick building was completed in 1931.

Muscowequan Residential School

Of the almost two dozen residential schools that operated in Saskatchewan, Muscowequan — operating from 1889-1997 — is one of the last remaining.

More on treaties and the treaty relationship

Treaty making and the significance of the Royal Proclamation of 1763

Watch now: this webinar provides an introduction to treaty-making between First Nations peoples and the Crown (Canada) and discusses the significance of the Royal Proclamation of 1763 to this process. 

Reflections on the making of Treaty 1 and the implications of Canada's Indian Act of 1876

Watch now: this webinar examines the written record of Treaty 1, the first of Canada's western treaties. 

Teaching treaties with the Treaty Education Initiative

Watch now: this webinar provides an overview of the Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba's Treaty Education Initiative, which is a K-12 education mandate.

A geographical perspective on the Numbered Treaties in Canada

Watch now: this webinar provides a geographical perspective on the Numbered Treaties in Canada.

All My Relations

Watch now: in this webinar Shashi Shergill shares how grade 9 students deepened their understanding of aboriginal perspectives, specifically the affirmation of collective rights through an examination of treaty rights and research into historically significant events that impacted the relationship and Canadian society.

An Elder's Perspective

Watch now: in this webinar Elder Florence Paynter provides an “Elder’s Perspective” to treaty making and the importance of teaching treaties in the classroom.

Related books

Residential Schools and Reconciliation

Book Review: This recent book by historian J.R. Miller demonstrates that Harper’s apology was just one moment in Canada’s journey of reconciliation regarding the residential school system.

Researching and Revealing Indian Hospitals in Canada

In this presentation, Dr. Maureen Lux shares a few stories that she found in the archival and oral history research for her book Separate Beds: A History of Indian Hospitals in Canada.

The Inconvenient Indian

Book Review: Thomas King is far more than a good writer, storyteller, and academic. He has a dazzling intelligence that quickly sees through so many of the “accepted” truths people are repeatedly fed by the media, and he skewers these with delightful humour and self-deprecation.

21 Things You May Not Know about the Indian Act

Book Review: 21 Things You May Not Know About the Indian Act is a heartfelt guide for reconciliation.

Talking Back to the Indian Act

Book Review: Talking Back to the Indian Act speaks to all Canadians and begins by imbuing the reader with a sense of action.

From Treaty Peoples to Treaty Nation

Book Review: Authors Poelzer and Coates opt for breadth respecting events of the past several decades. As well as providing a useful primer, a principal reason for their broad approach is to enable those of us interested in one or the other aspect of their “road map” to acquire just enough information to be able to search other sources.

From Treaties to Reserves

Book Review: In From Treaties to Reserves, D.J. Hall focuses on Alberta and details the critical period during which the newly formed Canadian state transformed Indigenous peoples from their own selves into menials confined to reserves for the convenience of white newcomers who were determined to have their land.

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