Journeys of Reconciliation

Educational resources relating to Truth and Reconciliation, the residential school system, and the Treaty Relationship between Canada and First Peoples.

Article / First Nations, Inuit & Metis

From the latest teaching newsletter


Life sure changed as Canada powered up.

Powering the Past and Present

Have students create a collage that shows how electricity changed life in Canada — then submit their work for a chance to win a free one-year subscription to Kayak!

It’s Not Easy Being Green

Students will learn about different types of energy sources used throughout Canada’s history, exploring the challenges, benefits, and harms associated with creating electricity.

A Prairie Farm: Before and After Electrification

Students will create a brochure that compares and contrasts the changes to the rural farms of the Canadian Prairies before and after electrification.


Through the Heritage Fair program, students learn and share the stories that matter to them in an immersive, hands-on environment.

Founded in 1993, Heritage Fairs are now held in every province and territory of Canada. Each year, approximately 50,000 students carry out research projects in the classroom.

Learn how you can bring Heritage Fairs into your classroom and inspire the next generation of learners, thinkers, and leaders. Learn more

Lesson Plans

Helping Students Identify Inquiry Topics

This activity is designed to encourage students to make observations about the world around them.

Crafting Big Questions

This lesson supports students in designing their own inquiry question.

Finding and Assessing Sources

This lesson will encourage students to brainstorm different types of sources they can use to answer their Big Question.

Reflecting on Historical Inquiry

This lesson will help students reflect on what they have learned throughout their inquiry project.

2024 Professional Learning Opportunities

Historical Thinking Community of Practice

The Historical Thinking Community of Practice is designed for educators who have knowledge and experience working with historical thinking, but want to collaborate with a community of like-minded educators to further explore how to apply historical thinking in their context. Available in English and French. Dates: Jan-Apr 2024.
Know a teacher who made a difference?

Nominations for the Governor General's History Award for Excellence in Teaching are accepted all year round.

From the Canada's History Forum

Approaching Difficult Histories in Canada

James Miles is a Visiting Assistant Professor in the Department of Arts and Humanities at Teachers College, Columbia University. His research explores the teaching and learning of difficult histories in settler colonial contexts and the role of history education in historical redress.

Teaching on the Frontlines of Reconciliation

David A. Robertson was the 2021 recipient of the Writers’ Union of Canada Freedom to Read Award as well as the Globe and Mail Children’s Storyteller of the Year. He is the author of numerous books for young readers including When We Were Alone, which won the 2017 Governor General's Literary Award.

Slavery, Segregation and Anti-Black Racism in Canada: Trauma and Legacies

Multidisciplinary scholar, author, and artist, Dr. Afua Cooper is a fellow at the Warren Center for Studies in American History, Harvard University. She is the Principal Investigator for A Black People’s History of Canada project housed at Dalhousie University where she teaches and holds a Killam Research Chair.

Teaching Black History in Canada

Black History in Canada

In this special issue of Kayak we are joined by guest editor Natasha Henry who shares some amazing stories and examples of the ways Black Canadians built and shaped this country. This is an expanded version of the 2018 issue.

Remembering Africville

The city of Halifax bulldozes a Black settlement that had stood for 150 years, destroying a community but not its spirit.

Africville Note-taking Exercise

This lesson teaches students about the history of Africville, Nova Scotia while also practicing the academic skills of attentive listening, note taking, and summarizing.

Slavery and its Gradual Abolition in Upper Canada

This lesson examines the viewpoints on the abolition of slavery in Upper Canada — immediate abolition, gradual abolition, or no abolition. 

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