Labrets are facial jewellery traditionally worn by members of many Indigenous cultures.

Written by Cortney Pachet

Posted May 11, 2021
A wooden case for two pieces of jewellery has the lid open to display the objects. The jewellery is composed of two white semi-circles with bright blue centres.

Labrets are facial jewellery traditionally worn mostly by men in holes below each corner of their mouths. The use of labrets is common in many Indigenous cultures, but within Inuit communities it seems to have been restricted to the Mackenzie Delta region and areas further west.

A small incision was made with a slate lancet, and initially a very small labret would have been inserted. The flat plate of the labret was inserted through the hole and worn against the gums, while a post protruded through the hole with a larger piece decorating the face. Gradually larger labrets were inserted over time to stretch the hole in the facial skin to a final diameter greater than a centimetre.

Labrets were made from ground stone, ivory, bone, or coal, with their sizes and shapes varying according to the age of the wearer and his home region. Large blue glass beads similar to those that decorate these late nineteenth-century labrets were traded across the Bering Strait from Siberia, after perhaps coming from China or Korea.

This pair of labrets was purchased from an Inuit elder by J.W. Mills in July 1898, possibly at Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories, or along the coast of Alaska. Born in New Brunswick, Mills worked for the Hudson’s Bay Company as a captain aboard ships in the Arctic region throughout his thirty-three-year career. When he acquired these labrets, he was at the helm of SS Wrigley, a steamer primarily sailing the Mackenzie River.

Cortney Pachet is the assistant curator of the HBC Collection at the Manitoba Museum.

This article originally appeared in the June-July 2021 issue of Canada’s History.

Related to First Nations, Inuit & Metis