Indigenous Archery Set

Bows and arrows were one form of hunting implement.

Written by Danelle Cloutier

Posted October 5, 2015
Colour photograph

Bows and arrows helped Indigenous people catch animals for food and fur, including furs for trade.

The appropriate type of bow and arrow would depend on the species of animal being hunted. For example, simple bows were used for smaller animals such as birds, and larger bows were used for hunting caribou and muskox. The Inuit created a variety of arrows, depending on the available resources and the types of animal being hunted.

Arrowheads were made from bone, antler, or stone, and sometimes from copper. Following contact with Europeans, arrowheads were more commonly made from metal.

Similar to this early twentieth-century example, most bows of its era were made from wood, braided sinew, sealskin, copper rivets, and bone. Hunters stored bows in cases made from sealskin or caribou hide and held arrows in quivers attached to the bow cases. Hunters also carried tools for on-the-go maintenance.

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This article originally appeared in the October-November 2015 issue of Canada's History.

This article is also available in French.

Related to First Nations, Inuit & Metis